Passau Germany is a beautiful city located at the confluence of three rivers: the Danube, Inn, and Ilz rivers. It offers a rich history, stunning architecture, and a variety of activities for visitors to enjoy.
1. Visit St. Stephen’s Cathedral (Passauer Dom): This impressive baroque cathedral is the city’s most iconic landmark, featuring a magnificent interior with the world’s largest cathedral organ.
2. Cruise on the Danube River: Take a scenic boat tour along the Danube River to admire the picturesque landscapes and unique perspective of the city.
3. Explore Veste Oberhaus: This medieval fortress overlooks Passau and offers panoramic views of the city and rivers. It also houses the Oberhaus Museum, showcasing the history of the region.
4. Wander through Old Town (Altstadt): Stroll through the charming cobblestone streets of Passau’s Old Town, lined with colorful buildings, shops, cafes, and restaurants.
5. Experience the Three Rivers City Tour: Join a boat tour that takes you through the confluence of the Danube, Inn, and Ilz rivers, showcasing the “City of Three Rivers” from the water.
6. Enjoy the Ilzstadt (Ilz River District): Walk along the banks of the scenic Ilz River and explore the quaint district, known for its picturesque setting.
7. Schloss Ort: Take a short trip outside the city to Schloss Ort, a picturesque castle located on an island in the Inn River. The castle is accessible via a footbridge.
8. Passau Glass Museum: Discover the art of glassmaking at the Passau Glass Museum, showcasing a vast collection of glassware from different eras.
9. Kloster Mariahilf (Mariahilf Monastery): Visit this peaceful monastery perched on the Mariahilfberg hill, offering serene surroundings and a panoramic view of the city.
10. Engelszell Abbey (Stift Engelszell): Take a trip to the Trappist monastery of Engelszell, known for its excellent beer production. The monastery is located a short distance from Passau.
11. Stroll along the Danube Promenade: Relax and enjoy a leisurely walk along the picturesque Danube Promenade, lined with cafes and offering beautiful river views.
These are just a few of the many things you can do in Passau, Germany. The city’s unique location and rich cultural heritage make it a fascinating destination for history enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.
History of Passau Germany
1. Ancient Times: Passau’s history dates back to the time of the Celts, who settled in the area around 200 BC. The Romans later established a fort named “Boiodurum” on the site, which served as a significant trading post.
2. Medieval Era: Passau became an important medieval trading center during the early Middle Ages. The city grew as a hub for commerce and cultural exchange between the Germanic regions and Eastern Europe.
3. Bishopric of Passau: In the 8th century, Passau became the seat of the Bishopric of Passau. The bishopric played a vital role in spreading Christianity in the region.
4. Passau as a Free Imperial City: During the 13th century, Passau gained the status of a Free Imperial City, which granted it a degree of autonomy from imperial rule and allowed the city to govern itself.
5. The Salt Trade: Passau was a prominent player in the salt trade, which was a crucial commodity in medieval times. Salt was transported along the rivers, contributing to the city’s economic prosperity.
6. Destruction and Renaissance: The city faced several challenges in its history, including fires and invasions.
One of the most devastating events was the great fire of 1662, which destroyed much of the city. However, Passau was rebuilt in a Baroque style, and many of the impressive buildings seen today date from this period.
7. Napoleonic Era: In the early 19th century, Passau fell under the control of Napoleon’s French Empire, marking a significant change in the city’s political landscape.
8. Modern Times: In the 20th century, Passau witnessed both World Wars and the turbulence of that era. Despite the challenges, the city managed to preserve its historical heritage and cultural significance.
Today, Passau is known for its well-preserved historical buildings, stunning Baroque architecture, and its role as a vibrant university city.
It continues to attract tourists from around the world who come to explore its rich history, picturesque landscapes, and the unique charm of being a “City of Three Rivers.”