The Twelve Apostles National Park is a coastal national park located in the state of Victoria, Australia. The park is named after the Twelve Apostles, a collection of limestone stacks that rise out of the ocean along the park’s coastline. Here is some information about the history of the Twelve Apostles National Park:
The park is located on the traditional lands of the Gunditjmara people, who have inhabited the area for thousands of years. The Gunditjmara people have a rich cultural heritage and are known for their advanced aquaculture practices, which involved building stone fish traps along the coast.
The area that is now the Twelve Apostles National Park was first explored by Europeans in the 19th century. The first European settlement in the area was established in the nearby town of Port Campbell in 1870.
In the late 19th century, several lighthouses were built along the coast to guide ships through the treacherous waters. The Cape Otway Lighthouse, located within the park, was built in 1848 and is one of the oldest lighthouses in Australia.
The park’s spectacular coastline and natural beauty have made it a popular tourist destination since the early 20th century. The Great Ocean Road, a scenic highway that runs along the coast and through the park, was built in the 1920s as a way to promote tourism in the area.
Protection and conservation
The Twelve Apostles National Park was officially established in 1991 to protect the park’s unique natural and cultural heritage. The park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including koalas, wallabies, and numerous bird species.
The park faces a number of environmental threats, including erosion, climate change, and pollution. In recent years, there has been concern about the impact of tourism on the park’s fragile ecosystem, leading to efforts to develop sustainable tourism practices.
Today, the Twelve Apostles National Park is a popular destination for visitors from around the world, who come to see the park’s stunning coastline, limestone stacks, and diverse wildlife.